An Ethiopian year is comprised of 13 months, and is seven years behind the Gregorian calendar. Ethiopia, being one of the few countries in the world, still uses its own calendar system.
The country celebrates some important holidays on days that are different from the rest of the world.
The Ethiopian calendar is the official calendar of Ethiopia making the country one of a few countries in the world with it’s own calendar. The calendar is also used in Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo churches where it was first used.
The Ethiopian calendar is similar to the Coptic Egyptian calendar since both have 13 months, 12 of which have 30 days and an intercalary month at the end of the year called Pagume which means ‘forgotten days’ in Greek. This last month has five days or six days in a leap year.
The calendar of Ethiopia is also similar to the Egyptian coptic calendar as both have a year with 365 days and 366 days in a leap year, which is every fourth year. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church where the calendar first found its roots in Ethiopia has also influenced the calendar.
The current year in Ethiopia is 2013. The Ethiopian year starts on 11th of September or on the 12th September in a Gregorian leap year. It is seven to eight years behind the Gregorian year owing to alternate calculations in determining the date of the annunciation of the birth of Jesus.
Ethiopian Calendar Today
Ethiopia’s calendar differs from both the Coptic and Julian calendars; the difference between the Coptic and the Ethiopian calendar is 276 years. In spite of this, Ethiopia’s calendar is closely associated with the rules and the different calculations influenced by the Coptic Church and the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church.
The date in Ethiopia today is Friday, 23rd April 2013, and the next new Ethiopian year starts on September 11.
The Calendar in Ethiopia has 13 months. The 12 months have 30 days each and the thirteenth month called Pagume has five or six days depending on the year.
Although the Ethiopian calendar uses Christ’s date of annunciation as the starting point, it calculates this date differently making it seven years behind the Gregorian and similar calendars. Ethiopia started the new millennium on 11th of September 2007.
Ethiopia is on Eastern Africa Time zone all year and does not have daylight saving.